Nanoelectronics is a word used in the field of nanotechnology for electronic components and research on improving electronics for practical application, such as display, size, and power consumption. This encompasses memory chip development as well as physical surface alterations to electrical devices. Nanoelectronics is the study of quantum mechanical properties of hybrid materials, semiconductors, single-dimensional nanotubes, nanowires, and other nanomaterials. Nanoelectronics that have been well-developed can be used in a variety of disciplines, but they are particularly beneficial for detecting disease agents and disease biomarkers. The goal of nano electronics is to improve the capabilities of electronic devices and displays while reducing their size, weight, and power consumption.
Nanophotonics, sometimes known as nano-optics, is a branch of nanotechnology that studies light's behaviour at nanoscale sizes as well as the interactions of nanometer-sized objects with light. Nanophotonics is a branch of nanotechnology, as well as a branch of electrical engineering, optics, and optical engineering. Metallic components in nanophotonics are frequently used to transport and focus light via surface plasmon polaritons. Controlling the properties of quantum emitters and improving their functionality requires nanophotonic devices.